Many surgical procedures today can be done using minimally invasive techniques. The technique involves a small camera, called a laparoscope, which, along with operating tools are passed through a small incision approximately the width of a pencil. The camera serves as the surgeon's eyes, and allows him or her to perform the surgery safely and efficiently, with minimal scarring.
Minimally invasive surgery can be used to remove the spleen or the gallbladder, repair hernias, perform appendectomies and colonoscopies, and even help patients who suffer from chronic heartburn. Because the incisions are so small, the procedure is much less painful than standard surgery. Since most minimally invasive surgeries are done on an outpatient basis, hospitalization is rarely required. This in turn makes minimally invasive surgery more cost effective than conventional surgery because you return to work and normal activities faster.
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